Elbow Varus Stress

Original Editor - Tyler Shultz

Lead Editors -

Purpose

The purpose of the varus stress test of the elbow is to assess the integrity of lateral collateral ligament.

Elbow Ligaments

Technique

With the patient is standing, the therapist places the patient's elbow in slight flexion while palpating the humeroulnar joint line.  The therapist then applies a varus force to the elbow.  This test is considered positive if the patient experiences pain or excessive laxity is noted and compared to the contralateral side.[1]  The test can be repeated in varying degrees of elbow flexion, but generally it is positioned between 5 and 30 degrees.[2]

[3]

Evidence

Provide the evidence for this technique here.

References

  1. Flynn, T.W., Cleland, J.A., Whitman, J.M. (2008). User's guide to the musculoskeletal examination: Fundamentals for the evidence-based clinician. Buckner, Kentucky: Evidence in Motion
  2. Dutton, M. (2008). Orthopaedic: Examination, evaluation, and intervention (2nd ed.). New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  3. Physiotutors. Elbow Varus Instability Stress Test⎟Lateral Collateral Ligament. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zl8GsG3hR4