External Carotid Artery

Original Editors - Asma Alshehri

Top Contributors - Asma Alshehri and Evan Thomas

Description:

The external carotid artery is one of the two terminal branches of the common carotid artery which is smaller than the other branch (the internal carotid artery).[1]

Course:

Its course passes under the submandibular gland and into the parotid gland.[1]

Branches and divisions:[1]

  • Superior thyroid artery 
  • Ascending pharyngeal artery 
  • Lingual artery
  • Facial artery
  • Occipital artery 
  • Posterior auricular artery

Supply:

It gives supply to the neck, face, and base of the skull.

Clinical relevance:

References:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 External carotid artery, https://radiopaedia.org/articles/external-carotid-artery-1 (accessed 30 may 2017)