Infection control

Original Editor '- Rewan Elsayed Elkanafany

Top Contributors - Rewan Elsayed Elkanafany, Lucinda hampton and Kim Jackson  

Introduction

Infection control mask.jpg

Infection prevention and control (IPC) is a scientific approach and practical solution designed to prevent harm caused by infection to patients and health workers.[1]

What is an Infection?

An infection happens when germs enter the body, increase in number, and cause a reaction of the body.[2][3]

Infection Control and Prevention

Infection control and prevention is a global issue, especially in healthcare facilities where we have a duty to keep patient's who may have lower immune defences, safe and free from infection. Infection control and prevention can work effectively using 6 main themes[1]:

  • Leadership,
  • connecting and coordinating
  • Campaigns and advocacy
  • Technical guidance and implementation
  • Capacity-building
  • Measuring and learning

Examples of Infection Control

There are many areas in which infection control can be implement: [1][2][3]

  • Hand hygiene
  • Prevention of surgical site infections
  • IPC to combat antimicrobial resistance
  • Injection safety
  • Burden of health care-associated infections
  • Ebola response and recovery
  • IPC country capacity-building
  • Prevention of sepsis and catheter-associated bloodstream infections
  • Prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections.(CAUTI)
  • Isolation precautions Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO)
  • Intravascular catheter-related infection (BSI)
  • Organ transplantation Surgical site infection (SSI)
  • Norovirus Pneumonia prevention Dialysis
  • Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel
  • Post exposure Prophylaxis in Healthcare Workers
[4]

Infection Control for Acute Care Hospitals

To assist in the assessment of infection control programs and practices in acute care hospital the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest that management can be divided into 4 sections:

it s divided into 4 sections:

  • Section 1: Facility Demographics
  • Section 2: Infection Control Program and Infrastructure
  • Section 3: Direct Observation of Facility Practices (optional)
  • Section 4: Infection Control Guidelines and Other Resources

Resources

The following resources expand further on the four sections mentioned above https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/pdf/icar/hospital.pdf

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 WHO.infection prevention&control .Available from:https://www.who.int/infection-prevention/about/ipc/en/
  2. 2.0 2.1 CDC centers for disease control and prevention.infection control. Available from:https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/index.html
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wilson J. Infection control in clinical practice. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2006 Jun 21.
  4. Health portal Infection control, Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgqTW0FjN08 (last accessed 22.4.2019)