Oncology Medical Management

Original Editor - Elaine Lonnemann

Top Contributors - George Prudden and Evan Thomas

Return to ONCOLOGY Main page

Oncological Emergencies

Physical Therapists need to be aware that certain oncologic emergencies may develop over time and it is important to know the primary systems affected or causes as well as signs and symptoms for referral[1].

I. Metabolic

  1. Tumor Lysis Syndrome
  2. Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
  3. Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)

II. Hematologic

  1. Febrile neutropenia
  2. Hyperviscosity syndrome

III. Structural

  1. Epidural Spinal Cord Compression
  2. Malignant Pericardial Effusion
  3. Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

IV. Side Effects from Chemotherapy

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Extravasations
  3. Obstipation

References

  1. Higdon M et. al. Treatment of Oncologic Emergencies. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74: 1873-80