Other primary headaches


This includes headaches that are clinically heterogeneous. The pathogenesis of these types of headache is still poorly understood, and their treatment is suggested on the basis of anecdotal reports or uncontrolled trials.

Several headache disorders included here can be symptomatic and need careful evaluation by imaging and/or other appropriate tests.

The onset of some of these headaches can be acute and affected patients are usually assessed in Emergency Departments. Appropriate and full investigation (neuroimaging, in particular) is mandatory in these cases.

  1. Primary Stabbing Headache
  2. Primary Cough Headache
  3. Primary Exertional Headache
  4. Primary Headache Associated with Sexual Activity
  5. Hypnic Headache
  6. Primary Thunderclap Headache
  7. Hemicrania Continua
  8. New Daily Persistent Headache (NDPH)


  1. International Headache Classification (ICHD-II)