Overhead Squat Test
The overhead squat test is a subjective screening assessment used to obtain a general indication of dynamic posture. The test identifies compensatory movements and considers muscles which could potentially be overactive or underactive with the intention of addressing these muscle imbalances. The overhead squat test is considered highly practical and time efficient.
The overhead squat test is carried out with the client in a standing position, feet pointed forward in line with the shoulders, both shoulders flexed to around 180 degrees and with the elbows extended. The client would be instructed to go into a squat position as if sitting down on a chair and to resume the initial upright position. The squat should be repeated five times, while the examiner assesses movement at the main joints from an anterior view and from a lateral view.
The following file contains further guidance on compensatory movements during the overhead squat test.File:Nasm overhead squat solutions table cptpes(pdf-32k).pdf
- Clark MA, Lucett SC, Sutton BG, editors. NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training. Fourth Edition. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012.
- Bishop C, Edwards M, Turner A. Screening movement dysfunctions using the overhead squat. Professional Strength & Conditioning 2016; 42:22-30.
- National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM). How to set up an overhead squat assessment. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybBvcJ50UZ8 (accessed 3 March 2019)
- National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM). Overhead Squat Solutions Table. Available from: https://www.nasm.org/docs/default-source/PDF/nasm_overhead_squat_solutions_table_cptpes(pdf-32k).pdf?sfvrsn=2 (accessed 3 March 2019).