WHOQOL-100

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Original Editor - Lauren Lopez Top Contributors - Lauren Lopez

Objective

To measure the quality of life of individuals and populations.

The WHOQOL-100 was developed alongside the WHOQOL-BREF by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and published in 1995. It was developed over several years and from 15 centres around the world[1]. The questions stem from multiple statements about quality of life, health and well-being from people with and without disease, and health professionals[1]. It has been tested for reliability and vailidity[1].

Intended Population

Specific populations or groups with a particular disease, or general populations.

Method of Use

The WHOQOL-100 is patient-reported questionnaire. It comprises 100 questions on the individual's perceptions of their health and well-being over the previous two weeks. Responses to questions are on a 1-5 Likert scale where 1 represents "disagree" or "not at all" and 5 represents "completely agree" or "extremely".

The questions cover six domains of quality of life plus general QOL and health[1]:

  1. Overall Quality of Life and General Health
  2. Physical Health
  • Energy and fatigue
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Sleep and rest

3. Psychological

  • Bodily image and appearance
  • Negative feelings
  • Positive feelings
  • Self-esteem
  • Thinking, learning, memory and concentration

4. Level of Independence

  • Mobility
  • Activities of daily living
  • Dependence on medicinal substances and medical aids
  • Work capacity

5. Social Relations

  • Personal relationships
  • Social support
  • Sexual activity

6. Environment

  • Financial resources
  • Freedom, physical safety and security
  • Health and social care: accessibility and quality
  • Home environment
  • Opportunities for acquiring new information and skills
  • Participation in and opportunities for recreation/leisure
  • Physical environment (pollution/noise/traffic/climate)
  • Transport

7. Spirituality/Religion/Personal beliefs

  • Religion/Spirituality/Personal beliefs (Single facet)

Reference

The WHO's WHOQOL-100

Evidence

Reliability

Validity

Responsiveness

Miscellaneous

The WHOQOL-100 is available in more than 20 languages.

Links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 World Health Organisation. WHOQOL: Measuring Quality of Life. Available from https://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/whoqol-qualityoflife/en/index1.html. Accessed 2 April 2020.