Goniometry: Elbow Extension

Anatomical Movement

Elbow extension

Testing position

Patient is supine with the hand supinated. You may need a pillow under the upper arm in cases of hyperextension (>0)

Goniometer Placement

AXIS LOCATION STATIONARY ARM MOVEMENT ARM
lateral epicondyle of the elbow parallel with the humerus parallel with the radius

Expected Findings

Expected range of motion is 0 degrees in males and 10-15 degrees in females (hyperextension)[1]

References

  1. Norkin CC, White DJ. Measurement of joint motion: a guide to goniometry. FA Davis; 2016 Nov 18.