Goniometry: Elbow Flexion

Anatomical Movement

Elbow flexion

Testing position

Patient is supine or seated with the hand supinated and the arm parallel to the midline of the body

Goniometer Placement

AXIS LOCATION STATIONARY ARM MOVEMENT ARM
lateral epicondyle of the elbow parallel with the humerus parallel with the radius

Expected Findings

Expected range of motion is 150 degrees but variation is seen with increased arm circumference, i.e. decreased "normal" range of motion due to large biceps.[1]

References

  1. Norkin CC, White DJ. Measurement of joint motion: a guide to goniometry. FA Davis; 2016 Nov 18.