The cuboid is one of the seven bones which make up the tarsus of the Ankle and Foot and it is one of the five bones of the midfoot. It is located on the lateral aspect of the foot, anterior to the calcaneus, next to the navicular and lateral cuneiform bones, and posterior to the 4th and 5th metatarsal. .
StructureIt is a small, irregular-shaped bone, approximately cubical in shape where is derives its name. The small bone contains many smooth facets to allow articulation with the calcaneus posterioly, the cuneiform and navicular medially and the 4th and 5th metatarsals anteriorly. On the inferior aspect of the bone, there is a small bony prominence named the cuboid tuberosity and a sulcus stretching obliquely in an anteromedial direction called the peroneal sulcus, holding in place the tendon of the peroneus longus. Its shape and location mean that it plays a strong role in maintaining the lateral longitudinal arch of the foot in addition to some of the role of the transverse arch along with the cuneiform bones.
The cuboid helps provide for the stability of the foot and the movement of the toes, in addition to ensuring proper weight distribution and flexibility along the plantar fascia that runs along the sole of the foot.
Muscle and ligamentous attachments
The only muscular attachment to the cuboid bone is a plantar branch of the tibialis posterior 
For its size, there are a large number of ligaments that attach to the cuboid due to its role in direct weightbearing. These are...
Dorsal and Plantar Calcaneocuboid ligaments
Birfurcate ligament (calcaneocuboid portion)
Dorsal, plantar interosseous cuneocuboid ligaments
Fractures of the bone on its own are rare and so if fractures do occur, these are often alongside more widespread trauma . Damage to the area of the cuboid is noted to be involved with a Lisfranc injury where the metatarsal bones are displaced from the tarsus . The main related pathology is Cuboid Syndrome 
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