Epidemiology of Spinal Cord Injury

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Introduction

Etiology

Spinal Cord injury can occur as a result of trauma (84%) and non-traumatic causes (16%). 


Traumatic

Motor Vehicle Accidents 36 - 48%

Falls 17 - 21%

Sport Injuries

Violence 5 - 29%

Self-harm

Work-related Accidents

Non-Traumatic

Congenital and Developmental Spinal Dysraphism; Skeletal Malformations; Arnold Chiari Malformations; Diastematomyelia; Spina Bifida
Degenerative CNS Disorders Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Friedreich’s Ataxia; Hereditary Spastic Paraperesis; Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy; Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease; Canavan’s Disease; Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Genetic and Metabolic Glutathione; Methylcrotonylglycinuria; Gangliosidosis; Myelin Protein Zero; Adrenomyeloneuropathy; Abetalipoproteinaemia; Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Infectious Viral

Herpes Simplex Virus; Varicella-Zoster Virus; Cytomegalovirus; Human T Cell Leukaemia Virus-1; HIV; Polio

Bacterial

Pott’s Disease; Mycobacterium App

Fungal

Cryptococcus Spp

Parasitic

Toxoplasma Gondii; Schistostoma Mansoni

Inflammatory Multiple Sclerosis; Transverse Myelitis
Ischemic Arterial vs Venous

Aortic Dissection; Cardiac Arrest; Systemic Hypotension; Atherosclerosis; Thrombosis; Embolism; Iiatrogenic (Aortic Repair); Arteriovenous Malformations


Rheumatological Spondylolysis; Stenosis; Disc Disease; Paget’s Disease; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Ossification
Toxic Methotrexate; Cytosine Arabinoside; Radiation
Tumors Primary; Metastatic; Intramedullary; Extramedullary

Incidence

Prevalence

Resources

References

  1. Dominic Power. Spinal Cord Injury 1: Epidemiology and Classification of SCI. Available from: https://youtu.be/8lRM-emvn2Y[last accessed 25/10/18]