Fecal Incontinence and Constipation Questionnaire
Original Editor - Ajay Upadhyay
Fecal incontinence is defined as the involuntary loss of solid or liquid feces or mucus. Fecal constipation is a decreased frequency of bowel actions (<1 every 3 days) that also may be associated with excessive straining during the passage of stool. Faecal incontinence (FI) and functional constipation are relatively common symptoms in the community, particularly in the elderly affecting approximately 2.2–11.3% and 15% an of the population respectively.. Several scales measure the severity of fecal incontinence (FI), but the best measure is unknown. The Fecal Incontinence and Constipation Questionnaire was developed to access the prevalence of constipation and fecal incontinence in the community; assess the risk factors for fecal incontinence; and characterize the severity of fecal incontinence all of which were a shortfall of the previoulsy validated fecal incontinence questionnaire.
The Fecal Incontinence and constipation questionnaire aims to evaluate how bowel dysfunction affects patient-perceived functional status related to pelvic floor dysfunction.
Patients above 18 years with Pelvic-floor dysfunction.
Method of Use
The FICQ is a self-report questionnaire that consists of 20 items: 15 items related to bowel leakage problems and 5 items related to constipation problems.
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