PREP Content Development Project


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This project aims to develop content related to refuge health. We intend to populate the site with practical, credible and thought-provoking information and knowledge that physiotherapists should have to effectively work with people with refugee experience. Much of this content development has been guided by the Physiotherapy and Refugee Education Project (PREP) and will form part of the content for the PREP online course which will take place from 18 January 2021.

Anyone is welcome to join in this project. You will be joining people from all over the world in contributing evidence based articles to create an evidence based reference on refugee health and for physiotherapists who work with displaced individuals. In return for your efforts you will receive a certificate of completion to help you evidence your learning through your involvement with this project.

Project Team

Project Lead

Naomi O'Reilly


Project participants will be listed here

Project Dates

March 2020 - November 2020


As a participant in this project you will contribute to the creation (or update an existing) page within Physiopedia. You may choose to take part in this project as a personal contribution to your own professional development and/or you may wish to contribute evidence based information to develop this resource for our profession. Your contribution will be reviewed by the Physiopedia team and once complete recognised by the award of a certificate of completion.

If you would like to take part in this project please follow the instructions below. 


  1. Choose an article from the list below that you would like to develop. Be sure that the article doesn't already have a name next to it.
  2. At this point you should email us to let her know that you would like to join the project and which page you would like to work on. Please feel free also to ask any questions that you have in relation to this project e.g. if you feel a new page needs adding to the list.
  3. You will receive an email from Naomi to confirm you participation in the project and also to confirm the page that you will develop.
  4. Once you have received this confirmation you are free to get on with working on your page. You should be complete your work in a word (or similar) document See example. If you are comfortable working in Physiopedia we are very happy for you to work directly in Physiopedia instead of producing a word document.
  5. Once you have completed your article please email us.
  6. Your article will be reviewed by the project team and you will be emailed a response of approval or of amendments to be made.
  7. Once the article has been finally approved, it will be published and you will receive your certificate of participation to evidence your contribution.

Content Criteria

  1. Word count - there is no specific word count for pages, some pages can be short (as in this example) and some will need to be longer (as in this example).
  2. Formatting - please have a browse of the site and previous content development projects to get an idea of how we present the content.
  3. Required content - the content of your article must include:
  • Evidence (where appropriate and possible)
  • References
  • Images and videos
  • A list of open online resources that we can link to

If you have any questions please do email us.

CPD/CE Certification

The authors of all articles that are published will be offered a completion certificate to prove learning and professional development through participation in this project.


Please let us know if you think we should include anything else in this list!

Block 1

  1. A brief history of refugees including definitions of terms 
  2. Global context – geopolitics, where refugees are from and where they go, the changing political landscape 
  3. Legislative differences between countries  
  4. The Dublin Regulation 
  5. Epidemiology of communicable and non-communicable disease among people with refugee experience 
  6. Epidemiology of mental health problems among people with refugee experience

Block 2

  1. Barriers to accessing healthcare in host countries including bias and stereotyping 
  2. How society and the media contextualises and portrays people with refugee experience 
  3. Interprofessional working to improve access to services and navigation of health service 
  4. Human rights  
  5. Duty to document human rights violations (past and present) 
  6. Physiotherapist’s role in terms of working with people with refugee experience 
  7. Salutogenetic approach to wellness 

Block 3

  1. Health-related factors and determinants of health 
  2. Salutogenetic approach to wellness 
  3. Impact of migration on health 
  4. Trauma-informed care 
  5. Biopsychosocial approach 
  6. ICF model 
  7. Cultural differences in understanding of pain (pain in the heart, embodiment of pain, spiritual aspects of pain, djinn) (Richard Benes - in progress) 
  8. Post-traumatic stress disorder 

Block 4

  1. Building trust 
  2. Creating therapeutic space and alliance 
  3. Understanding the role of the translators (overcoming challenges, strategies to employ) 
  4. Facilitating optimal communication (verbal and non-verbal) 
  5. AAAQ framework 

Block 5

  1. Physiotherapy assessment of pain within a trauma-informed care model 
  2. Evidence-based management of pain 
  3. Providing care for survivors of torture (understanding types and consequences of torture) 
  4. Mental health and physiotherapy 
  5. Cultural beliefs about pain and alternative therapies 
  6. Communication strategies for discussing difficult topics 

Block 6

  1. Providing culturally sensitive care 
  2. Health literacy 
  3. Use of a translator 
  4. Understanding of refugees’ expectations of the health care system 
  5. Stages of the migration process and their influence on migrants’ health 
  6. Carlos Sluzki’s Model of Migration 
  7. Overcoming barriers to accessing care and providing guidance for navigating the healthcare system

Block 7

  1. Communication strategies for difficult conversations 
  2. Considerations for working with children with refugee experience 
  3. Facilitation of inter-professional working in the community setting 
  4. Health literacy 
  5. Ethical issues related to different beliefs about health and illness 
  6. Culturally sensitive palliative care and cultural beliefs about dying 

Block 8

  1. Mental health and physiotherapy 
  2. Building a therapeutic relationship and facilitation of communication 
  3. Holistic approaches to address patient difficulties related to trauma and psychosocial issues.  
  4. Consequences of migration and living in exile 
  5. Salutogenic approach to wellness 
  6. Scope and boundaries of physiotherapy practice

Block 9

  1. Self-care for health professionals  
  2. Interprofessional teamwork strategies 
  3. Peer guidance 
  4. Cultural self-awareness 
  5. Addressing racism in the workplace 
  6. Advocacy strategies 

Block 10

  1. Climate Migrants
  2. International differences - Comparative analysis of refugee populations from different countries and how this may change
  3. Changing role of physiotherapy

Pages to Review


These are some resources that you might find useful: