Mental health and refugees
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Mental health illness is considered as a leading cause for disability all over the world.It accounts for around 13 %of the global burden of disease and responsible for 33% of total years lived with disability. It is estimated that people who suffer from sever mental illness for example, severe depression,bipolar disorder and schizophrenia are more likely to die prematurely than those who are not affected.The problems of mental health are highly prevalent globally, affecting people across all regions of the world as it is expected to affect at least 1 of 3 people all over their life time. Also
there are major economic consequences of this high prevalence.Around $16.3 trillion was estimated to be the cost of mental ill- health globally between 2011 and 2030  and this has serious implications on standers of livings and socioeconomic development. There are many barriers in treating mental illness for example,stigma,discrimination  and governmental apathy which exacerbating the current state of mental healthcare all over the world.
Refugees CrisisThe UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) defines refugee as set out in the 1951 Convention
The primary and universal definition of a refugee that applies to States is contained in Article 1(A)(2) of the 1951 Convention, as amended by its 1967 Protocol, defining a refugee as someone who:
"owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide.There were 20 people newly displaced every minute of 2016.Europe Initially welcomed more than a million refugees and forced migrants between 2015 and 2016 . Those who forced to leave their home countries,lived in over crowded reception facilities that have ,in effect, turned into long term detention centers with poor health and safety conditions while waiting for resettlement or asylum decisions. All these conditions created medical challenges and excessive need to the usage of heath systems.
The healthcare professionals should be aware that there are several factors that have a major influence on asylum seekers health:
- The experiences that the refugee exposed to in the origin country or in the refugee camps.
- The experiences in the route to the host country ,the process of immigration and the experience of the new life in the host country .
- Limited or poor health literacy.
- Refugees health is also affected by infectious diseases , neurological diseases, cancer and chronic diseases that could result in polymorbidity.
- Also neurological injuries/ diseases, traumatic injuries (e.g.,spinal cord injuries ) or post traumatic (e.g.,chronic pain syndrom).
- Result of starvation ( e.g., epilepsy, ataxia, and paraesthesia)
- Communication Problems, intercultural problems and demand attention problems.
- Psychological problems. 
This video describes the gaps in refugee heath and how to bridge it.
The Refugees Mental Health
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