Lower Limb Motor Coordination
Motor coordination, otherwise referred to as dexterity refers to the ability to perform a motor task in an accurate, rapid and controlled manner. The test for motor coordination requires temporal and spatial accuracy. Lower limb motor coordination is essential for the performance of most daily motor activities, such as walking, running, ascending/descending stairs, standing from a chair. The effective performance of these tasks are critical for an independent life. It is also important for community activities, its limitation may cause people to become housebound and isolated from the society, especially for those who had suffered stroke. Motor tasks performed within different contexts require between-limb coordination, which is essential for an independent and safe life, especially in elderly individuals. Adequate lower limb motor coordination significantly contributes to functionality of stroke individuals, its loss is the major contributor to disability in this population . Thus, therapeutic approaches aimed at restoring lower limb motor coordination are of great interest for rehabilitation professionals who are involved in research and clinical settings.
Medical conditions that may exhibit deficits in lower limb motor coordination
Assessment of lower limb motor coordination
Lower limb motor coordination evaluation is very important for a physical therapist practice, as it enables the understanding of the nature and level of impairments of the individual in a standardized way . The information gathered from the assessment tools may help planning the interventions and monitoring the clinical status of the patients before, during, and after physical therapy interventions .
The tools used to assess lower limb motor coordination are divided into two; non-specific and specific.
- Auditory-paced ankle dorsi and plantarflexion task
- Rapid alternating movement patterns test (RAMP)
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