Reiter's Syndrome


Definition/Description

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Reiter’s Syndrome (now known as Reactive Arthritis) develops in response to an infection and characterized by a triad of arthritis, conjunctivitis, and nonspecific urethritis.  It is considered an autoimmune disease marked by inflammatory synovitis and erosion at the insertion sites of ligaments and tendons. It commonly occurs after the presence of venereal disease process or enteric infection.[1][2][3]

It was previously called "Reiter syndrome", named after Hans Reiter, who first described this syndrome. The name, Reiter syndrome fell from favour as Hans Reiter was a Nazi member under whose leadership the war prisoners were subject to many inhumane experiments. It has been re named Reactive Arthritis(please see this page).

References

  1. Goodman CC, Fuller KS. Pathology Implications for the Physical Therapist. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
  2. Porter RS, Kaplan JL. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.; 2011.
  3. Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL. Harrison's Manual of Medicine. 16th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2005