Pathophysiology of Complex Patient Problems


Course Description:

Welcome to PT 635 Pathophysiology of Complex Patient Problems. This project was created by and for the students in the School of Physical Therapy at Bellarmine University in Louisville KY.

Pathophysiology of Complex Patient Problems explores signs and symptoms that emerge when homeostasis is disrupted, and addresses medical and physical therapy management of patient problems consequent to the underlying pathology. The dysfunctional states or disorders discussed in this course may include nutritional, infectious, gastrointestinal, hepatic, endocrine, metabolic, renal, genitourinary, autoimmune, connective tissue, dermatology, hematology, oncology, and immunodeficiency. The effects of age, gender, and ethnic factors on the pathology, manifestation of patient problems, and patient management are considered. The multiple effects of pharmacological intervention are addressed, including therapeutic effects and effects on patient cognitive and psychomotor abilities in physical therapy.

Textbook:  Differential Diagnosis for Physical Therapists:  Screening for Referral. (5th ed) Goodman C., Snyder T.;  Saunders Elsevier

Course Instructors:

Dr. Elaine Lonnemann, Dr. Elizabeth Ennis & *Dr. David Pariser (2010-2013)

Course Dates

This project was initiated in 2010 and has been updated annually by the students in the Differential Diagnosis course in the  Bellarmine Physical Therapy Program.


After reading over these instructions, you can begin creating content related to the topic you choose. You can start by adding general descriptive content about the disorder that could be in narrative and/or bullet format. The editing tools above allow you to edit the page much like a Word document. You can easily add links to other websites using the link icon above (Globe with chain link icon). Here are some of the links you could add: 

  • Medical sites related to the disorder
  • Video/photos related to the disorder
  • Links to abstract of research in Pubmed/Medline

In the initial stage, think of this as notes or resource area on the topic. Therefore, it is best to add as many quality resources as possible. In later stages, students and faculty will edit the content to highlight the most appropriate resources and to get the content in a more professional looking format.

A template for the article pages which contains sub-headings headings for the disorder has been provided, please follow the template for uniformity of content.


Below are links to the articles created during this project.

Biopsychosocial Disorders

Cardiac Disorders

Chronic Pain 

Connective Tissue Disorders

Dermatological Disorders

Electrolyte Disorders

Eating Disorders

Endocrine Disorders

Endolymphatic Disorders

Gastric Disorders

Genetic Disorders


Hematological Disorders

Hepatic & Biliary Disorders

Autoimmune Disorders

Infectious Diseases

Metabolic Disorders

Muscle Disorders

Neurological Disorders

Nutritional Disorders

Oncological Disorders

Parasitic Infections

Pulmonary Disorders

Reproductive Disorders

Renal and Urological Disorders

Rheumatological Disorders

Sleep Disorders

Substance Abuse/ Pharmacological Reactions

Spondylogenic Disorders


Vascular Disorders

Vertigo and Dizziness

Vitamin Deficiency

Zoonotic Diseases